Russia, for example, clashes with the many Muslim ethnic groups on its southern border such as Chechnya but—according to Huntington—cooperates with Iran to avoid further Muslim-Orthodox violence in Southern Russia, and to help continue the flow of oil.
Another result is the redefinition of arms control, which is a Western concept and a Western goal. That at least is the way in which non-Westerners see the new world, and there is a significant element of truth in their view. The parallel has not gone unnoticed. However, Kitsikis establishes an integrated civilization comprising these two peoples along with those belonging to the less dominant religions of Shia IslamAlevismand Judaism.
On both sides the interaction between Islam and the West is seen as a clash of civilizations.
It has been reflected in the on-going civil war in the Sudan between Arabs and blacks, the fighting in Chad between Libyan-supported insurgents and the government, the tensions between Orthodox Christians and Muslims in the Horn of Africa, and the political conflicts, recurring riots and communal violence between Muslims and Christians in Nigeria.
Perhaps the most controversial statement Huntington made in the Foreign Affairs article was that "Islam has bloody borders". The economic issues between the United States and Europe are no less serious than those between the United States and Japan, but they do not have the same political salience and emotional intensity because the differences between American culture and European culture are so much less than those between American civilization and Japanese civilization.
Yet both the Russian elite and the Russian public are divided on this issue. Third, the processes of economic modernization and social change throughout the world are separating people from longstanding local identities.
This may be a passing phenomenon, but it surely complicates relations between Islamic countries and the West. In the coming years, the local conflicts most likely to escalate into major wars will be those, as in Bosnia and the Caucasus, along the fault lines between civilizations.
Civilizations may involve a large number of people, as with China "a civilization pretending to be a state," as Lucian Pye put itor a very small number of people, such as the Anglophone Caribbean. As the conflicts in the Persian Gulf, the Caucasus and Bosnia continued, the positions of nations and the cleavages between them increasingly were along civilization lines.
Huntington regards the Chinese and the Islamic civilizations as most dangerous challengers to the Western civilization, and goes on to postulate that the Chinese civilization constitutes a threat to the West when China becomes too powerful a state, and the Western countries decide to get involved in an intracivilizational conflict such as a dispute between Vietnam and China, and the Islamic civilization can pose a threatening problem when intracivilizational conflicts continue to deepen without a core state playing the role of an effective mediator.
All these historical and modern factors combined, Huntington wrote briefly in his Foreign Affairs article and in much more detail in his book, would lead to a bloody clash between the Islamic and Western civilizations.
There is an inevitable question to be asked here: It is also relatively strange that some of these civilizations are defined by religion, while others are just geographic. In its aftermath NATO planning is increasingly directed to potential threats and instability along its "southern tier.
The Classic Empires arose from nothing but the combination of these great religions and specific political authorities of the times. Diverse Types of Contacts between Classical Civilizations Huntington defined culture as the "overall way of life of a people," and civilization as the "broadest cultural entity.
With Khaldun in mind, the U. A civilization may include several nation states, as is the case with Western, Latin American and Arab civilizations, or only one, as is the case with Japanese civilization. Fast urbanization, unequal distributions of wealth and widespread corruption and mismanagement of rulers are some of the crucial factors that explain the decline of state solidarity in certain Arab states and that contributed to mass-mobilization for radical change.Dec 01, · THE CLASH.
OF CIVILIZATIONS. AND THE REMAKING. OF WORLD ORDER. By Samuel P. Huntington. pp. New York: Simon & Schuster. $ A few years ago in an influential article in Foreign Affairs. Mar 04, · Samuel Huntington was one of America’s greatest political scientists.
Inhe published a sensational essay in Foreign Affairs called “The Clash of Civilizations?” The essay, which. According to Huntington, the clash of civilizations will dominate global politics, where civilizations will inevitably clash mainly due to cultural differences.
I tend to disagree with Huntington due to the following characteristics of transnationalism. killarney10mile.com is a platform for academics to share research papers. Feb 05, · In “The Clash of Civilizations,” the major civilizations Huntington lists are as follows: Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American, and African.
These categories may be problematic for a variety of reasons. The clash of civilizations thus occurs at two levels. At the micro-level, adjacent groups along the fault lines between civilizations struggle, often violently, over the control of territory and each other.Download