We can construct concepts and theories for each one of these elements and for various sets of these elements. A possibility is neither that which is necessary nor that which is impossible. In semantics, ambiguity refers to a word, phrase, or sentence having more than one literal meaning. In higher education, quality has become a catch-all label, but it is most closely aligned with reputation and visibility.
In my view, a beneficial aspect of the "thinking aloud" technique is that it permits the exchange of ideas and strategies as a person is in the process of trying to solve a difficult problem.
This is not as ephemeral an idea as one might think. Thus, it is only in the narrower context of teaching economics that "thinking poetically" can be construed as an innovation in our profession. One question he is asked: From sage on the stage to guide on the side.
Basically, they argue that the refractive relationship that we discussed earlier with respect to Greek philosophical domains of ontology and epistemology is not as such, but is rather the complementary of body and mind.
At any given moment in time I am more of a constructivist than a connectionist or vice versaand this degree will more likely change with the passage of time.
If I was to scream and there was an echo, I could listen to where the sound was bouncing off of, this would indicate the face of a hill, or cliff, or wall. However, germane to us in this essay is the feedback loop from new theories of the human mind to new psychological and cognitive science theories of knowledge creation building and learning.
Again, we must not think in terms of "all or nothing.
Examples of "dead" metaphors abound in the discipline of economics, e. Follow the area of highest inclination. And this New Logic is beginning to have a pervasive impact on many scientific disciplines.
The popular metaphor, of course, is the signal transmission metaphor. In one line of Greek philosophical inquiry Protagorean doctrine, or commonly referred to as "sophistry"the three epistemological concepts where considered to be completely autonomous, i.
In this case, semantic over-determination prevails if only one meaning is intended. Essays in honor of Krzysztof Skubiszewski, pp. My current course syllabus indicates that I teach introductory economics Principles of Economics with some emphasis on critical and creative thinking.
Disciplinary Convergence The Unity of Knowledge Thesis The proliferation of notions like "transdisciplinary," "consilience" and "knowing of the third kind" is an indication that an amazing degree of disciplinary convergence is occurring in terms of the progress of human knowledge.
A reputation for high quality in colleges and universities is mainly determined by faculty productivity [i. Students speak their minds. If the hill could be in any direction from me, I would walk straight a certain distance, then walk around in a circle, staying the same distance from where I started.
Of if it had been raining the day before, or on a day like today where there was snow, but now it has melted, the base of the hill would be soggy or soggier than the rest of the ground.
If I heard some cheering because they found the hill, I would run as fast as I could to try to beat them to the top. In Paradoxes of Progress. Langer is a social psychologist who has developed a theory of learning based on what she calls the concepts of "mindlessness" and "mindfulness.
I would say that they are "delightful" when you are doing path-breaking research developing new concepts, but a "pain in the neck" metaphor intended when, as an educator, you have to help students understand existing economic concepts which are essentially enshrined in textbooks in the form of outdated metaphors.
A Constructivist Theory of Knowledge Transmission As I understand it, on the question of how new knowledge invention is constructed, there are no significant departures between the constructivist and connectionist theories. Then when the ground started to slope upward, that would be where the hill is.
In a sense, metaphors are both a boon and a bane to professional economists. The distinction between a "constructivist" and a "connectionist" is such a categorical differentiation. But that was not the case in this instance. You could do this in a couple of ways.
You can consider this to be the "complex" pedagogical paradox that I have been working on for more than a decade.
Students are presented with the task goal of climbing to the top of a hill at night with nothing to assist them except for a lantern. That way I could see a little better. The constructivist approach to learning and teaching is a vital part of this loop as far as I am concerned.
Dead metaphors certainty do not help students understand learn economic concepts and, pedagogically speaking, new live metaphors are generally required for this purpose.
The word "ring" could refer to an engagement ring or to a call on the telephone. Another metaphor that we could evoke relates to first generation sound reproduction technology.International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education of Sustainability in Higher Education, Vol.
6 Iss: 4 pp. - necessity if. Ambiguity, Cognition, Learning, Teaching, and Design. John Shotter - The necessity for ambiguity if we are to achieve specificity in communication (received October 19, While this is particularly important and relevant at the level of higher education, one can't be too young to be introduced to the practice.
Horizontal and Vertical Structures: The Dynamics of Organization in Higher Education By: Richard P. Keeling, Ric Underhile and Andrew F. Wall The organization of institutions of higher education has been seen as operating with ambiguous purposes in vertically oriented structures that are only loosely connected (Cohen and March ; Weick.
Three dimensions of equity of access to higher education Tristan McCowan UCL Institute of Education, London, UK is, however, close in meaning to equality of opportunity, and just as subject to ambiguity and diversity of interpretation.
Egalitarian approaches sensu stricto assert the necessity of an equal distribution of given resources. Transitions and tensions: the discipline of nursing in an interdisciplinary context.
Authors. Gerard M.
Fealy RGN, PhD, Professor of Nursing. The transformation in the health system is also evident in – and partly related to – a transformation in higher education. At the outset of this special issue on institutional effectiveness in higher education, it is important to differentiate the meaning of effec tiveness from other terms that often are used synonymously, such as quality, efficiency, and excellence.Download