The history of conflict between italy and the east during ludendorffs time

The main reason for the choice was tactical expediency. Over 1, shells were fired in five hours The ground on this sector of the front would dry out much sooner after the winter and spring rains and would therefore be easier to advance across.

The rear zone existed as outline markings only, and the battle zone consisted of battalion "redoubts" which were not mutually supporting allowing stormtroopers to penetrate between them. Much of the German advance was achieved where it was not strategically significant.

The stormtrooper tactic was to attack and disrupt enemy headquarters, artillery units and supply depots in the rear areas, as well as to occupy territory rapidly.

The German breakthrough had occurred just to the north of the boundary between the French and British armies. The advance was slowed by supply shortages, which gave Allied commanders more time to reinforce the threatened areas and to slow the advance still more.

They also lost 1, artillery pieces and tanks. The artillery bombardment began at 4.

However, these remained only secondary and weaker operations, subordinate to Michael. The stormtrooper units leading the advance carried supplies for only a few days, to avoid being overburdened, and relied on supplies delivered quickly from the rear. After two days the Fifth Army was in full retreat.

Any capture of an important strategic objective, such as the Channel ports, or the vital railway junction of Amiens would have occurred more by chance than by design.

Eventually it was decided to launch Operation Michael near Saint-Quentinat the hinge between the French and British armies, and strike north to Arras. This change had been made after experience of the successful German use of defence in depth during Because of this, Ludendorff continually exhausted his forces by attacking strongly entrenched British units.

Behind, out of range of German field artillery, was the "battle zone" where the offensive was to be firmly resisted, and behind that again, out of range of all but the heaviest German guns, was a "rear zone" where reserves were held ready to counter-attack or seal off penetrations. Bombardment would always be brief so as to retain surprise.

The intention was not to reach the English Channel coast, but to break through the Allied lines and roll up the flank of the British army from the south, pushing it back against the Channel Ports or destroying it if the British chose to stand and fight.

By the standards of the time, there had been a substantial advance.

Spring Offensive

At Arras on 28 March, he launched a hastily prepared attack Operation Mars against the left wing of the British Third Army, to try to widen the breach in the Allied lines, and was repulsed.

Although Ludendorff was unsure whether the Americans would enter the war in strength, at a meeting of the Chiefs of Staff of the German armies on the Western Front on 11 Novemberhe decided to launch an offensive.The Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 Marchwhich marked the deepest advances by either side since The Germans had realised that their only remaining chance of.

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The history of conflict between italy and the east during ludendorffs time
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