The family is torn about whom to believe, or wants to avoid complications of accepting that a person they care about would do such a thing. Related evidence examining the role of interparental conflict suggests witnessing verbal hostility and physical violence between parents is associated with significantly higher levels of child internalizing and externalizing behavior on parent rating scales, and lower levels of child competence based on direct interviews Fantuzzo et al.
Physically abused children have been found to have more mild neurologic signs, serious physical injuries, and skin markings and scars than their nonabused peers Kolko et al.
Incest Incest between a child or adolescent and a related adult is known as child incestuous abuse,  and has been identified as the most widespread form of child sexual abuse with a huge capacity to damage the young person.
Effects Psychological effects Child sexual abuse can result in both short-term and long-term harm, including psychopathology in later life. In a recent review of studies reporting quantitative findings about the impact of sexual abuse of minors, Kendall-Tackett et al.
More recent prospective longitudinal research—studying children with documented cases of sexual abuse over time to determine what percentage become adult offenders—has demonstrated that the cycle of violence theory is not an adequate explanation for why people molest children.
Behaviorally, the consequences of abuse range from poor peer relations all the way to extraordinarily violent behaviors.
Anxiety and posttraumatic stress in young children are often expressed by developmental regression, aggression, and distress at separation from a caregiver. The US Government Accountability Office concluded, The history and effects of child sexual abuse existence of a cycle of sexual abuse was not established.
Early studies of physically abused children documented significant neuromotor handicaps, including central nervous system damage, physical defects, growth and mental retardation, and serious speech problems Elmer and Gregg, ; Green et al.
Yet maltreatment, especially early maltreatment, can cause injury to the central nervous system that results in future cognitive impairments Lewis and Shanok, It begins with a description of what is known about the childhood consequences of child maltreatment, followed by a discussion of what is known about the consequences of abuse and neglect in adolescence and adulthood.
Children who received supportive responses following disclosure had less traumatic symptoms and were abused for a shorter period of time than children who did not receive support. Pedophilia Pedophilia is a condition in which an adult or older adolescent is primarily or exclusively attracted to prepubescent children, whether the attraction is acted upon or not.
The lack of attention to gender differences may result from the small number of male victims of sexual abuse in most studies and lower rates of reporting of childhood sexual abuse in males. A discussion of labeling effects, considering the issues of stigma, bias, and discriminatory treatment, is followed by an examination of a number of potential protective factors.
Distinguishing consequences that are associated directly with the experience of child maltreatment itself rather than other social disorders is a daunting task for the research investigator. In the absence of growth indicators of nonorganic failure to thrive or deprivational dwarfism, clinical diagnosis of child neglect is quite difficult.
Children who experienced severe violence were reported by their parents in the National Family Violence Survey to have higher rates of conduct problems and rule violating behaviors than those who did not experience severe violence Straus and Gelles, ; Hotaling et al.
Therefore, the parental caregiver teaches the child to mask his or her issues. Over time their functioning deteriorated. Using multiple measures across different situations and outcome measures designed to assess the salient developmental issues of each age, the results indicated that children in all maltreatment groups functioned poorly Erickson et al.
Children from this group were compared with physically abused, neglected, verbally rejected, and control groups from the same high-risk sample. Morally Indiscriminate — All-around sexual deviant, who may commit other sexual offenses unrelated to children.
Dodge and colleagues found that physically harmed 4-year-old children showed deviant patterns of processing social information, related to aggressive behavior, at age 5. Most fatality victims of abuse and neglect are under age 5.
In the preschool classroom, these children presented varied and serious behavior problems. CSEC is particularly a problem in developing countries of Asia.
While verbally or symbolically abusive acts designed to terrorize or intimidate a child such as constant belittling or the destruction of a favorite object or pet are associated with severe long-term consequences Vissing et al. Differences in findings on the cognitive and intellectual consequences of childhood maltreatment may be related to the failure to control for important variables, such as socioeconomic status, and the lack of statistical power of small sample sizes.
The experience of severe physical harm is associated with the "acquisition of a set of biased and deficient patterns of processing social provocation information" p. Age at the time of presentation Circumstances of presentation for treatment Co-morbid conditions The goal of treatment is not only to treat current mental health issues, and trauma related symptoms, but also to prevent future ones.
Commercial sexual exploitation of children Commercial sexual exploitation of children CSEC is defined by the Declaration of the First World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children, held in Stockholm inas "sexual abuse by an adult accompanied by remuneration in cash or in kind to the child or third person s.
For instance, treatment of young children generally requires strong parental involvement and can benefit from family therapy.
Factors such as the age and developmental status of the child may influence the outcomes of maltreatment experiences.
The consequences of neglectful behavior can be especially severe and powerful in early stages of child development. Some studies indicate that physically abused children show higher levels of aggression than other maltreated children Hoffman-Plotkin and Twentyman, ; Kaufman and Cicchetti, although other studies indicate that neglected children may be more dysfunctional Rohrbeck and Twentyman, Children who have been sexually abused, and some children who have been physically neglected, have shown heightened sexuality and signs of genital manipulation.
Some studies have found lowered intellectual functioning and reduced cognitive functioning in abused children Hoffman-Plotkin and Twentyman, ; Perry et al. Psychological consequences range from chronic low self-esteem to severe dissociative states.The effects of child sexual abuse can include depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, complex post-traumatic stress disorder, propensity to further victimization in adulthood, and physical injury to the child, among other problems.
Child sexual abuse (CSA) covers a broad range of sexual activities perpetrated against children, mostly by someone known and trusted by the child. The research on the longer-term impact of child sexual abuse indicates that there may be a range of negative consequences for mental health and adjustment in childhood, adolescence and.
Factors associated with an increased impact of child sexual abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect The effects of sexual abuse on children: A multidimensional view. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2(4) Courtois, C.A. The incest experience and its aftermath. Victimology child sexual abuse survivors’ depression to be feeling down much of the time, having suicidal ideation, having disturbed sleeping patterns, and having disturbed eating patterns Many survivors experience sexual difficulties.
The long-term effects of the abuse that the survivor experiences, such as, depression and dissociative patterns.
Effects of Child Sexual Abuse Factors that determine how a child is impacted by sexual abuse usually fall into three categories. The child's previous experiences and history. While physical abuse was also related to a range of mental health disorders including suicide attempts, but not suicide ideation, the long-term effects of child sexual abuse were generally larger than the long-term effects of physical abuse.
Overall, after adjusting for a range of other factors, children exposed to sexual abuse involving.Download